Why are we getting old? Our cells are arranged in an interesting way. Our cells are capable of a very fast division at the first stage of life thus renewing themselves. What is curious, the body remains young and healthy at the same time, no matter what damaging factors act on the body, if the cells are renewed faster than the process of accumulation of damage occurs. However, from a certain moment, the renewal process slows down and then stops altogether, and the body dies.
As we know, one of the reasons for the loss of youth is the ends of chromosomes, which contract with each cell division, acting as a kind of clock for cellular aging. If this mechanism could be blocked, the body would not lose its ability to self-renew and restore. This ability is observed in the first half of life and gradually disappears in the second.
Russian scientist Alexei Olovnikov discovered in 1971 that the limited number of cell divisions is associated with the DNA doubling mechanism. It is designed so that the ends of linear chromosomes (telomeres) are shortened with each division. Therefore, after a certain number of divisions (about 50), the cell can no longer divide. This property was called the “Heilik limit”. Olovnikov also substantiated the theory of aging. According to it, the hypothalamus contains chronomeres that take part in the work of the body’s biological clock, and there is a small DNA loop next to the main DNA, on which, by analogy with telomeres, there are printomeres. Therefore, the aging program is determined by the “biological clock”, the work of which is regulated by the pineal gland and hypothalamus.
Back in 2001, Russian scientists discovered that protein can bind to telomeres. Under normal conditions, this protein closes the ends of the chromosomes, protecting them from the effects of an enzyme called telomerase. If this protection did not exist, the ends of the chromosomes would grow constantly. But how do you open telomerase access to telomeres? Scientists from the Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the North-Western Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences managed to find the answer to this question. The protein (peptide) epitalon was synthesized.
Do we have this protein in our body, and which organ produces it? It is produced by the pineal gland, a small gland that performs an endocrine function; at the age of 8–12 years, it calcifies, and the body subsequently simply uses the accumulated resource. The involutionary process begins immediately after the end of human development. This gland is like the main conductor of the whole organism. A significant decrease in the presence of epitalon with age programs the body for aging.
Biochemist, biogerontologist Pavel Yudin, an employee of one of the largest scientific virological and biotechnological centers in Russia, who have been engaged in both fundamental science and practice in the field of gerontology for more than 20 years, personally synthesized the composition of drugs that have no analogues and are ahead of competitors for years. Their main active ingredient is the epitalon peptide.
Currently, peptides are quite often used in cosmetology, but they are highly specialized – there is a peptide for each tissue (facial skin, eyelid skin, heart, blood vessels, liver, etc.). The pineal gland is the main “conductor” of the whole organism, and its epitalon peptide, is suitable for the cells of all organs acting as a key. Therefore, there is no need for a search and elimination of each of the consequences of aging in the framework of the “priority” approach. It can be said that this is the code of youth.